A. P. J. Abdul Kalam the name which describes the best personality and great leader in India. He is known as Missile Man. An inspiring life story of a great leader of our generation, Dr.APJ. Abdul Kalam, former President of India. Today is the death anniversary of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
Life Of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam:
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (A. P. J. Abdul Kalam) was born on 15 October 1931 to a Tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram on Pamban Island, then in the Madras Presidency and now in the State of Tamil Nadu. His father’s name is Jainulabdeen. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam’s Father was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque. His mother name is Ashiamma. She was a housewife. Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family.The family of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam received the title of “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” (wooden boat steerers), which over the years became shortened to “Marakier.
In 1914, Kalam’s family had become poor due to loss of his family bussiness. at an early age, he sold newspapers to supplement his family’s income. Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn.
Education and career Of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam:
- Higher Secondary Education – Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram.
- Graduation in Physics – Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli,University of Madras.
- Aerospace engineering – Madras Institute of Technology.
- After completing Aerospace engineering Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (by Press Information Bureau, Government of India) as a scientist after becoming a member of the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS).
- Kalam was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist.
- In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) where he was the project director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980.
- Kalam had first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965.
- Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful.
- In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme.
- Kalam served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and Secretary of the Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.
- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam played an intensive political and technological role as a Chief Project Coordinator in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests. During this period he became the country’s best known nuclear scientist.
- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of India. He was the president of india in between 25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007.
On 18 June 2012, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam declined to contest the 2012 presidential poll. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam said of his decision not to do so:
“Many, many citizens have also expressed the same wish. It only reflects their love and affection for me and the aspiration of the people. I am really overwhelmed by this support. This being their wish, I respect it. I want to thank them for the trust they have in me.”
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After Presidency Of India He Became :
- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam became a visiting professor at – Indian Institute of Management Shillong, the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, and the Indian Institute of Management Indore.
- He was an honorary fellow of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
- chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram;
- Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University;
- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was an adjunct at many other academic and research institutions across India.
- He taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, and technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.
Ending Of Life Of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam :
On 27 July 2015, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam travelled to Shillong to deliver a lecture on “Creating a Livable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong. While climbing a flight of stairs, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam experienced some discomfort, but was able to enter the auditorium after a brief rest. At around 6:35 p.m. IST, only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed. He was rushed to the nearby Bethany Hospital in a critical condition; upon arrival, he lacked a pulse or any other signs of life. Despite being placed in the intensive care unit, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was confirmed dead of a sudden cardiac arrest at 7:45 p.m
Last words of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam :
last words of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam last words, to his aide Srijan Pal Singh, were reportedly: “Funny guy! Are you doing well?
Reaction Of India on Death of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam :
India reacted to death of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam with an outpouring of grief; numerous tributes were paid to the former president across the nation and on social media.
Government of India declared a seven-day state mourning period as a mark of respect.
You cannot change your future, but you can change your habits, and surely your habits will change your future.A. P. J. Abdul Kalam